100 maiores canções do cinema e os 25
melhores filmes de todos os tempos, segundo o American
Film Institute (A.F.I.)
American Film Institute (A.F.I.) publicou mais uma de
suas famosas listas. Desta vez, o A.F.I. escolheu como
tema as 100 maiores canções
do cinema de todos os tempos.
primeiríssimo lugar aparece : “Over
the Rainbow” (de O Mágico
de Oz, 1939).
nove posições seguintes foram ocupadas
Time Goes By” (de Casablanca, 1942), “Singin’
in the Rain” (de Cantando na Chuva, 1952), “Moon
River” (de Bonequinha de Luxo, 1961), “White
Christmas” (de Natal Branco, 1942), “Mrs.
Robinson” (de A Primeira Noite de um Homem, 1967),
“When You Wish Upon a Star” (de Pinóquio,
1940), “The Way We Were” (de Nosso Amor
de Ontem, 1973), “Stayin’ Alive” (de
Embalos de Sábado à Noite, 1977) e “The
Sound of Music” (de A Noviça Rebelde, 1965).
canções de filmes recentes foram representadas
por “My Heart Will Go On” (de Titanic, 1997)
em 14º lugar, “Streets of Philadelphia”
(de Filadélfia, 1993) em 68º, “Come
What May” (de Moulin Rouge, 2001) em 85º,
“Lose Yourself” (de 8 Mile, Rua das Ilusões,
2002) em 93º e “All That Jazz” (de
Chicago, 2002) em 98º.
célebre lista da A.F.I. com os 100 melhores filmes
de todos os tempos, apresentamos os top 25 :
Citizen Kane (1941) - RKO Director: Orson Welles.
Stars: Orson Welles; Joseph Cotten; Everett Sloane,
Agnes Moorehead. Welles' first feature - the tragic
story of newspaper tycoon Charles Foster Kane (Welles),
loosely modeled after the life of William Randolph Hearst,
founder of the Hearst publishing empire, and the publisher's
ultimately empty rise to power. Acclaimed for its innovative
narrative structure, deep focus cinematography, soundtrack,
literate screenplay, and nuanced portrayal of the central
Casablanca (1942) - Warner Bros. Director:
Michael Curtiz. Stars: Humphrey Bogart; Ingrid Bergman;
Claude Rains; Paul Henreid; Dooley Wilson. Romantic
drama of wartime sacrifice set in Nazi-occupied French
Morocco. Bogart, as jaded and cynical American idealist
saloonkeeper/nightclub owner Rick Blaine, sacrifices
the love of a lifetime to join the world's fight against
the Nazis. When the picture debuted, it marked the beginning
of a beautiful friendship with generations of moviegoers.
With a crackling script and the classic song, "As
Time Goes By." Academy Award for Best Picture.
"Here's looking at you, kid."
The Godfather (1972) - Paramount Director:
Francis Ford Coppola. Stars: Marlon Brando; Al Pacino;
James Caan; Robert Duvall, Diane Keaton. Tragic, romantic
saga of Mob boss Don Corleone and the rise of his successor,
son Michael (Pacino). Adapted from Mario Puzo's novel,
the film reimagined the genre of the Mob drama. It was
marked by taut suspense, rich period detail, and memorable
dialogue ("I'll make him an offer he can't refuse").
Brando is Don Vito Corleone, the sympathetic Godfather
of a New York crime family, whose business it is to
make offers people can't refuse. Visually beautiful
images of times and locales contrast with the film's
graphic violence. It won Academy Awards for Best Picture
and Best Actor, among others.
Gone With The Wind (1939) - MGM Director: Victor
Fleming. Stars: Clark Gable; Vivien Leigh; Olivia de
Havilland; Leslie Howard; Hattie McDaniel. Based on
Margaret Mitchell's best-selling "Immortal tale
of the old South" - the inimitable epic of Civil
War destruction and the ill-fated romance between Scarlett
O'Hara (Leigh) and Rhett Butler (Gable). Endures as
a compelling story and an example of studio era greatness.
The burning of Atlanta was a high water mark for screen
excitement. As poet Ogden Nash put it, "The Civil
War was quite a fight and not a mere diversion; I never
knew how tough it was before Dave Selznick's version."
It won eight Academy Awards, including Best Picture,
Director, Actress, and Supporting Actress.
Lawrence of Arabia (1962) - Columbia Director:
David Lean. Stars: Peter O'Toole; Alec Guinness; Anthony
Quinn; Omar Sharif; Jose Ferrer. Majestic adventure
and character drama - the epic story of T. E. Lawrence,
an enigmatic British officer/mapmaker who transformed
himself into the leader of a WWI Arab revolt against
Turkey during World War I. The film became renowned
for Lean's direction and Freddie Young's cinematography.
Based on T. E. Lawrence's memoir Seven Pillars of Wisdom.
Winner of many Academy Awards including Best Picture
and Best Director.
The Wizard of Oz (1939) - MGM Director: Victor
Fleming. Stars: Judy Garland; Ray Bolger; Margaret Hamilton;
Bert Lahr; Jack Haley; Frank Morgan. Magical adaptation
of L. Frank Baum's children's fantasy of an enchanted
land made Garland a major star. Garland's Dorothy Gale
is transported from her black-and-white Kansas home
to the colorful land of Oz via tornado. From here she
journeys down the Yellow Brick Road and is helped by
a Scarecrow, a Tin Man, and a Cowardly Lion on their
way to see the Wizard. The Harold Arlen/E. Yip Harburg
score is highlighted by "Somewhere Over the Rainbow"
- a song that became a popular standard. Inventive use
of color and special effects are still impressive today.
A children's movie for all ages.
The Graduate (1967) - Embassy Director: Mike
Nichols. Stars: Dustin Hoffman; Anne Bancroft; Katharine
Ross. Black comedy of aimless, recent college graduate
Benjamin (Hoffman) that defined a generation and established
Hoffman as a star. Hoffman spends his summer trying
to find out what to do next in this biting comedy. Bancroft's
Mrs. Robinson has some ideas, and they're not about
plastics. Hoffman's reactions to her advances and his
attempts to be suave are among the film's funniest moments,
and her seduction of Benjamin is withering and hilarious.
The evocative Simon and Garfunkel score, that includes
"Mrs. Robinson," is as much a character in
the movie as Bancroft's amorous Mrs. Robinson or Ross'
lovely Elaine. Nichols won an Academy Award for Best
On The Waterfront (1954) - Columbia Director:
Elia Kazan. Stars: Marlon Brando; Karl Malden; Lee J.
Cobb; Eva Marie Saint, Rod Steiger. Gritty drama of
union corruption memorable for Brando's sensitive performance
as a misfit dockworker-longshoreman, epitomized in the
backseat scene in which he cries, "I could've been
a contender." He rebels against his brother and
corruption on New York City's docks in this powerful
story that mirrors the political climate of the early
1950s. Winner of Academy Awards for Best Picture, Actor,
and Supporting Actress, among others.
Schindler's List (1993) - Amblin Entertainment/Universal
Director: Steven Spielberg. Stars: Liam Neeson; Ralph
Fiennes; Ben Kingsley. Somber, inspiring adaptation
of Thomas Kenneally's fact-based book about an opportunistic
Catholic industrialist (Neeson) able to save several
hundred Polish Jews from death camps during World War
II by hiring them to work in his factory. Memorable
performances all around, particularly by Fiennes, who
plays a brutal Nazi officer. "The list is life."
Winner of Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director,
Singin' In The Rain (1952) - MGM Director:
Gene Kelly, Stanley Donen Stars: Gene Kelly; Debbie
Reynolds; Donald O'Connor, Jean Hagen. Kelly makes a
splash as Don Lockwood, a Hollywood leading man who
reflects on the production of The Dueling Cavalier -
a film that becomes The Dancing Cavalier when the studio
takes advantage of a new invention called sound. Reynolds
and O'Connor are his energetic, supportive sidekicks,
helping to devise a clever way to cover the grating
voice of his co-star Lina Lamont, played by Hagen. Furious
when she learns of their plan, Lina asserts herself
by screaming, "Why, I make more money than, than
Calvin Coolidge! Put together!" Delightful musical
send-up of the transition-conversion from silent to
sound films, with many memorable and delightful song
and dance musical numbers, including "Make 'Em
Laugh," "Broadway Rhythm," and the incomparable
title song. This musical set in Hollywood has Kelly
singing, dancing and splashing in puddles.
It's A Wonderful Life (1946) - RKO Director:
Frank Capra. Stars: James Stewart; Donna Reed; Lionel
Barrymore, Thomas Mitchell, Henry Travers. Moving fable
of disillusioned family man (Stewart) who is visited
by a guardian angel (Travers) and shown what the world
would be like if he had never been born. This notable
Christmas classic features a complex, engrossing, Everyman
performance by Stewart as George Bailey, a suicidal
man redeemed by friendship and the recognition that
each person's life touches many others. Remember every
time a bell rings, an angel gets his wings. Favorite
film of both Capra and Stewart.
Sunset Boulevard (1950) - Paramount Director:
Billy Wilder. Stars: Gloria Swanson; William Holden;
Erich von Stroheim, Cecil B. DeMille. The caustic, tragic
noir about a screenwriter (Holden) and the deluded silent
star (Swanson) who ensnares him. Swanson is ready for
her close-up in this pungent slice of Hollywood life
depicting a reclusive, former silent screen actress
who kills her screenwriting, gigolo boyfriend. The film
won three Academy Awards, including Best Screenplay.
Memorable line: "I am big. It's the pictures that
The Bridge On The River Kwai (1957) - Columbia
Director: David Lean. Stars: William Holden; Alec Guinness,
Jack Hawkins, Sessue Hayakawa. Dark World War II drama
about stiff-backed, rigid British POW colonel (Guinness),
his equally unyielding Japanese captor (Hayakawa), and
the bridge that embodies the absurdities of war. Guinness
refuses to bow to torture in a Japanese prison camp
during World War II, and Holden is an American who escapes
from the camp, then must return to sabotage a bridge
constructed to perfection by inspired POWs under Guinness'
command. Winner of Academy Awards for Best Picture,
Best Director, Best Actor, among others. Memorable use
of World War II song and the "Colonel Bogey March."
Some Like It Hot (1959) - Ashton/Mirisch Director:
Billy Wilder. Stars: Jack Lemmon; Tony Curtis; Marilyn
Monroe, Joe E. Brown, George Raft. Hilarious comedy
about 1920s musicians (Lemmon and Curtis) who witness
the 1928 St. Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago, then
join all-female band and evade killers. Wilder's comic
take provided sex symbol Monroe with two of her most
unusual rivals, Curtis and Lemmon in drag. Memorable
throughout, especially for the last line, "Well,
nobody's perfect." Adapted screenplay by Wilder
and I.A.L. Diamond, for which they won Academy Awards.
Star Wars (1977) - 20th Century Fox Director:
George Lucas. Stars: Mark Hamill; Harrison Ford; Carrie
Fisher; Alec Guinness. Spectacular space adventure combined
a simple story of good vs. evil with stunning visual
effects and endearing robotic characters to revolutionize
the science fiction and action genres and make a star
of Harrison Ford. A landmark science fiction fantasy
about a young man, Luke Skywalker (Hamill), who finds
his calling as a Jedi warrior and with the help of "droids"
and an outlaw named Han Solo (Ford), then embarks on
a mission to rescue a princess (Fisher) and save the
galaxy from the Dark Side. "May the force be with
you." Two sequels and prequels followed.
All About Eve (1950) - 20th Century Fox Director:
Joseph L. Mankiewicz. Stars: Bette Davis; Anne Baxter;
George Sanders; Celeste Holm; Thelma Ritter. Classic
story of backstage betrayal, with Davis as the aging
star Margo Channing and Baxter as the young schemer
Eve Harrington. Fasten your seat belts for a bumpy ride
in this story of an aging actress who is undone by a
young, ambitious fan. Sophisticated performances by
Davis, Sanders and Baxter shine in this scathing look
at the world of the theater. Academy Award winner for
Best Picture, it is memorable for Sanders' role as the
cynical critic and Marilyn Monroe as his scene-stealing
The African Queen (1951) - United Artists Director:
John Huston. Stars: Humphrey Bogart; Katharine Hepburn;
Robert Morley. Unlikely love story and rousing romantic
adventure yarn set in Africa, between drunken boatman
and prim spinster (Bogart and Hepburn) who battle each
other and then join forces on an uncharted river at
the outbreak of World War I. Quintessential Bogart performance
won an Academy Award for Best Actor. The James Agee/John
Huston screenplay is based on the C.S. Forester novel.
Psycho (1960) - Paramount Director: Alfred
Hitchcock. Stars: Anthony Perkins; Janet Leigh; Vera
Miles; John Gavin. Shocking thriller of a woman (Leigh)
on the lam with stolen money, and the twisted events
at the Bates Motel under the management of Norman Bates
(Perkins)...and his mother, where she makes the mistake
of checking in. Controversial upon release for its shocking
shower scene and sympathetic portrayal of the killer,
it has since been influential to horror and thriller
filmmakers. Hitchcock's horror film is also remembered
for Bernard Herrmann's chilling score.
Chinatown (1974) - Paramount Director: Roman
Polanski. Stars: Jack Nicholson; Faye Dunaway; John
Huston. Intricate mystery involving an enigmatic woman
(Dunaway), her corrupt father (Huston), and 1930s LA
private detective Jake (J.J.) Gittes (Nicholson), who
is lured into the world of shady water rights and land
deals and uncovers family secrets while investigating
the death of mysterious Dunaway's husband. Seductive
1930s set design, and memorable last line: "Forget
it, Jake. It's Chinatown." Won an Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay, among others.
One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest (1975) - United
Artists Director: Milos Forman. Stars: Jack Nicholson;
Louise Fletcher; Brad Dourif. Earnest adaptation of
Ken Kesey's novel about inspired mental asylum patient
Randle McMurphy (Nicholson), a troublemaker committed
to the institution who sparks new life in the downtrodden
inmates, giving them purpose and self-worth. His war
on the system is fought at every step by Fletcher's
Nurse Ratched who has a relentless drive to squash him.
Won five Academy Awards - for Best Picture, Actor, Actress,
Director, and Screenplay, among others.
The Grapes of Wrath (1940) - 20th Century Fox
Director: John Ford. Stars: Henry Fonda; Jane Darwell;
John Carradine, Charley Grapewin. This moving social
drama, adapted from John Steinbeck's novel about displaced
farmers during the Great Depression, follows the hopeful
migration of workers from the Oklahoma dust bowl through
their subsequent disillusionment upon reaching California
- the "promised land." Notable for understated
performances by Fonda and Jane Darwell, in a supporting
role as Ma Joad, which earned her an Academy Award.
Ford won an Academy Award for Best Director.
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) - MGM Director:
Stanley Kubrick. Stars: Keir Dullea; William Sylvester;
Gary Lockwood, Douglas Rain (voice of HAL). Kubrick's
cooly-spectacular science fiction space drama/epic puts
the history of mankind in context between ape and space
voyager. The film created a stir for its special effects,
the computer HAL, the search for alien existence in
the galaxy, and the debate about the meaning of the
film's final sequence. HAL 9000 the computer, with voice
by Rain, is memorable.
The Maltese Falcon (1941) - Warner Bros. Director:
John Huston. Stars: Humphrey Bogart; Mary Astor; Peter
Lorre, Sydney Greenstreet, Elisha Cook, Jr. Bogart offers
the definitive incarnation of Sam Spade in this tight
adaptation of Dashiell Hammett's detective story. Huston's
directorial debut found detective Bogart trying to solve
his partner's murder intertwined with recovering the
elusive statue of a black bird. His efforts are impeded
by a mysterious, mendacious femme fatale (Astor), a
corpulent Greenstreet and a cryptic Lorre.
Raging Bull (1980) - United Artists Director:
Martin Scorsese. Stars: Robert De Niro; Cathy Moriarty;
Joe Pesci. Dark biographical drama of self-destructive
boxer Jake LaMotta and his path to redemption. De Niro
is LaMotta, the middleweight boxing champion whose opponents
in the ring are no match for the demons he fights in
his personal life. Once a peerless atavistic boxer,
LaMotta takes a fall and never recovers, eventually
becoming a broken, overweight man who masquerades as
a stand-up comic. The film is often noted for Thelma
Schoonmacher's achievement in editing, compelling fight
scenes, and an Academy Award-winning performance by
De Niro, who transformed himself physically for the
E.T. - The Extra-Terrestrial (1982) - Universal
Director: Steven Spielberg. Stars: Dee Wallace; Henry
Thomas; Drew Barrymore. Touching, exhilarating drama
of young boy (Thomas) Eliot from a broken home, who
discovers and encounters an extraterrestrial, other-worldly
creature that has been stranded on earth light years
from home and wants only to return home. Together they
form a universal friendship, and Eliot helps E.T. "Phone
home." John Williams's Academy Award-winning score
American Film Institute (A.F.I.)